"The structure of China's gear industry is unreasonable. As a result, a small number of enterprises have lost money or even went bankrupt. However, under the circumstances of this kind of micro growth, Shanghai Gear General Factory and Shandong Shengrui and other companies successfully completed the structural adjustment in time and embarked on the road of rapid development." On December 10, 2015, Lu Chao, director of gear technology branch of China Automotive Engineering Society and chairman of Tianjin Tianhai synchronous group, said at the "2015 China gear industry development summit meeting" held in Shanghai. During the two-day meeting, experts from all over the country and representatives of enterprises felt the situation was urgent and pressure, and everyone exchanged their views and coping strategies.
In 2015, China's automatic transmission increased by 30%, and new energy vehicles increased by three times. Lu Chao said with emotion: "the changes of these automobile industries have given us a lot of inspiration. In 2016, China's gear industry will enter a new round of key period of industrial structure adjustment."
The causes of China's economic power failure
At the 2015 China gear industry development summit meeting, Xu Zhenyu, School of economics, Beijing business and Technology University, believed that from the Japanese experience, the decline of development growth rate is inevitable. The high growth has ended permanently. China's economic power is exhausted, and the basic dividend is gradually disappearing. The reason is that the global economic rebalancing is imperative, and China's exports will be in a long-term downturn. During the 12th Five Year Plan period, the total population will be relieved When the Lewis turning point arrived, the population flow between the rural and city has reached the limit. The excessive capitalization of the real estate and land market caused asset bubbles, industrial structure distortion and social contradictions, and so on.
Dr. Chen Yongjie, Deputy Secretary General of the China Center for international economic exchange and director of the Research Office of all China Federation of industry and commerce, said that although made in China has shown the world's first characteristics in many aspects, such as the overall scale of the manufacturing industry, the import and export scale of the manufacturing industry, the output of major products in the manufacturing industry, the number of manufacturing enterprises and the number of manufacturing employees China's manufacturing industry has ranked first in the world in terms of the number of manufacturing patents, the competitiveness of the manufacturing industry, and the integrity of the manufacturing industry system. However, compared with the comprehensive indicators of China, the United States, Japan and Germany, China's manufacturing industry is still in the second-class level of technical quality. Among them, weak independent innovation ability, low product grade, low efficiency of resource and energy utilization, low overall quality of labor force, enlarged emission of manufacturing pollution, unreasonable industrial structure, low level of informatization and low degree of industrial internationalization are still the main obstacles restricting the high-end and strong development of China's manufacturing industry.
Xu Zhenyu believes that the current haze has given birth to environmental protection industry and new energy industry. Meanwhile, wage rise has forced factory machinery automation. The current situation forces China's manufacturing industry to develop only through innovation.
Diminishing marginal benefit drives innovation and development
Li Shengqi, Secretary General of China gear industry alliance, pointed out that Li Shengqi also had a profound understanding of China's economic development stage. He believed that in the catch-up economic stage, China's overall manufacturing industry will develop from a low-level structural surplus and factor driven marginal income to a virtuous cycle of efficiency and innovation driven, innovation and continuous innovation Exhibition. In this process, the "hybrid power" driven by innovation, efficiency and factors will become the main driving force of China's economic development, and the gear industry will complete its transformation and upgrading under the large economic background.
Ending the production of pure fuel vehicles in 2050 is not just a dream
From January to October 2015, the total production of new energy vehicles was 206900, a three fold increase over the same period of last year. The production of pure electric passenger cars was 87100, a three fold increase over the same period of the same period last year. The production of plug-in hybrid electric passenger vehicles was 45500, an increase of three times over the same period of last year. The production of pure electric commercial vehicles was 59300, with a year-on-year increase of 9 times. The production of plug-in hybrid commercial vehicles was 15000, with a year-on-year increase of 88%. Dr. Zhang Yaming of China Automotive Engineering Research Institute Co., Ltd. said at the meeting that with the continuous progress of science and technology, the future automobile world will be an era of gradual decline of traditional fuel vehicles, and the end of pure fuel vehicle production in 2050 is not just a dream. "Wheel motor (electric wheel) drive, no need for automotive transmission system, worthy of attention," he said
The era of replacing traditional gear has been developing rapidly
In view of the current economic pressure and the new pattern of technological innovation and industrial restructuring, Lu Chao put forward several suggestions to the participants: first of all, we should seriously study the core content of "made in China 2025" and formulate relevant plans for enterprises in the next 10 years (including the 13th five year plan and the 14th five year plan). Made in China 2015 is mainly divided into three parts: five contents and five major projects Ten development areas.
Five contents: improving innovation ability, deep integration of informatization and industrialization, strengthening basic ability, quality control and brand building, green manufacturing. Five major projects: Innovation focus engineering, intelligent manufacturing engineering, green manufacturing engineering, high-end equipment innovation project. Among the ten development areas, there are 6 related fields: high-end CNC machine tools and robots, aerospace equipment technology, marine engineering and high-tech communication, advanced orbit and equipment, new energy vehicle field, agricultural machinery equipment.
Lu Chao believes that entrepreneurs should deeply understand the gear innovation technology related to new energy. Learn the 10 key tasks of gear industry in the future. In 2025, he said, the next 10 years will meet